The father of Italian Language: Dante Alighieri
Dante Alighieri is an Italian poet, author and politician. He is known as the father of Italian language. He became famous with his poet which is called “La Divina Commedia” Divine Comedy. He wrote La Divina Commedia during the transition period between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (1308-1321).
His poet, consist of 3 part; hell, purgatory and heaven.
His work is about Christianity and fictional travels after life. He wrote this poem with method of “Terza Rima”. We can see many symbols about Christianity and allusion for famous people in this poem. He puts well-known people to the parts of hell-purgatory or heaven according to their sins. Before Dante, in Italy people were using Latin for writing. However, Divine Comedy is the first major work which is written in Florence dialect. This works is played an important role in the settlement of Florence as the standard Italian dialect. This situation is still valid and the standard Italian is accepted as Florence dialect. I want to give some information also about his early life. He was born in 1265. His real name was “Durante” but he shortened his name and used Dante. He was living in Florence in the renaissance period. At first, his family was aristocratic family but later they lost everything and they became poor. There is no information about his father. Dante do not like his father and he do not give any information about his father in his works. He lost his mother a very young age and he lost his father when he was 18. When Dante is finished an elementary priest school he developed himself by reading some important works of Greek and Roman. He would not miss any meetings which are organized by the famous people at that period. He fell in love with a young girl which name was Beatrice when he was 9. He saw Beatrice again when he was 18. However, he couldn’t be with Beatrice never because she married with a Florence knight and she died very young. After the death of Beatrice he has devoted himself to philosophy and he gives her an immortal and divine view in his works. Moreover, he also introduced her in the Divine Comedy as a guide to lead him in heaven for reaching God. He exiled for political reason before writing Divine Comedy and he could not see again his real wife and his children again. He died in Ravenna in 1321 when he was 56 due to malaria. Although he had a very short and sad life story, he contributed significantly Italian literature and Italian history by his works.